Also Known As: Nadolol, Corgard, Anabet, Solgol
Nadolol is a non-selective beta blocker; that is, it non-selectively blocks both beta-1 and beta-2 receptors. It has a preference for beta-1 receptors, which are predominantly located in the heart, thereby inhibiting the effects of catecholamines and causing a decrease in heart rate and blood pressure. Its inhibition of beta-2 receptors, which are mainly located in the bronchial smooth muscle of the airways, leads to airway constriction similar to that seen in asthma. Inhibition of beta-1 receptors in the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney inhibits the renin-angiotensin system, causing a decrease in vasoconstriction and a decrease in water retention. Nadolol's inhibition of beta-1 receptors in the heart and kidney leads to its effects on lowering blood pressure.
Nadolol is used for the prevention of migraine headaches for which there is good documentation.A case report study from Harvard Medical School, published in 1991, described three adult patients with ADHD unsuccessfully treated with traditional psychostimulant (amphetamine) therapy due to lack of effectiveness or intolerance of the psychostimulant. Nadolol was then added to the psychostimulant therapy and the combination of medications resulted in improved attention and focus with decreased medication side effects. This suggested the combination of nadolol and the psychostimulant might be effective for treatment-resistant adults with ADHD.