Also Known As: Crataegus laevigata, Hawthorn, Midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, Woodland hawthorn, Mayflower
Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn,English hawthorn,woodland hawthorn or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn native to western and central Europe, from Great Britain (where it is uncommon, and largely confined to the Midlands) and Spain east to the Czech Republic and Hungary. The species name is sometimes spelled C. levigata, but the original orthography is C. lÃ¦vigata.
It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 8 m (rarely to 12 m) tall, with a dense crown. The leaves are 2â€“6 cm long and 2â€“5 cm broad, with 2â€“3 shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in corymbs of 6â€“12, each flower with five white or pale pink petals and two or three styles, and are pollinated by midges. The fruit is a dark red pome 6â€“10 mm diameter, slightly broader than long, containing 2â€“3 nutlets.
It is distinguished from the related Common Hawthorn, C. monogyna, in the leaves being only shallowly lobed, with forward-pointing lobes, and in the flowers having more than one styles. However hybrids occur frequently.