Also Known As: Amoxicillin, Amoxil
Amoxicillin (INN), formerly amoxycillin (BAN), and abbreviated amox, is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic, Î²-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms. It is usually the drug of choice within the class because it is better absorbed, following oral administration, than other Î²-lactam antibiotics. Amoxicillin is one of the most common antibiotics prescribed for children.
Amoxicillin is susceptible to degradation by Î²-lactamase-producing bacteria, which are resistant to a broad spectrum of Î²-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillin. For this reason, it is often combined with clavulanic acid, a Î²-lactamase inhibitor, and marketed under one name. This increases effectiveness by reducing its susceptibility to Î²-lactamase resistance.