Also Known As: Vertigo, Dizziness
Vertigo /ËˆvÉœË(É¹)tÉ¨É¡oÊŠ/ (from the Latin vertÅ "a whirling or spinning movement") is a type of dizziness, where there is a feeling of motion when one is stationary. The symptoms are due to a dysfunction of the vestibular system in the inner ear. It is often associated with nausea and vomiting as well as difficulties standing or walking. There are three types of vertigo: objectiveâˆ’ subjects, are moving around the patient; subjectiveâˆ’ patient feels as if moving himself; pseudovertigoâˆ’ intensive sensation of rotation inside the patient's head.
The most common causes are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, concussion and vestibular migraine while less common causes include MÃ©niÃ¨re's disease and vestibular neuritis. Excessive consumption of ethanol (alcoholic beverages) can also cause notorious symptoms of vertigo. (For more information see Short term effects of alcohol). Repetitive spinning, as in familiar childhood games, can induce short-lived vertigo by disrupting the inertia of the fluid in the vestibular system.